Rough consensus

The Silicon Valley "Cluetrain Manifesto" from 1999 took inspiration from the 95 theses of Martin Luther, who kick-started the "reformation" in Europe 500 years ago: > We reject kings, presidents and voting. We believe in rough consensus and running code. > David Clark (1993).

This idea has a history. In the 1970s/80s Zbigniew Brzezinski's "Technotronic Era," Ithiel Sola de Pool's "Technologies of Freedom," and Alvin Toffler's "Third Wave" started the discussion -

In the 1990s, Manuel Castell's "Network Society," Nichola Negroponte's "Being Digital," and Francis Cairncros's "Death of Distance" were eye-openers.